Tuesday, January 21, 2020
Teaching From A Design Perspective Developing a philosophy of education is more than asserting a love of wisdom in the theory and practice of teaching. It may be heartening to feel, but it lacks backbone. For a philosophy to have weight and merit, it needs truth, logical strength, and soundness. (Hughes 19) My philosophy of education asserts the following premises that if we teach: learning as relational; creativity as skill; and knowledge as design; then, we create an instructional approach that is cross curriculum. The logical strength of my argument is delivered after each premise has been explained, and the proof statements of each are proposed as truth claims. In doing so, my philosophy of education is a sound argument challenging the existing education paradigm that makes a distinction between required and elective courses. Currently, the Ministry of EducationÃ¢â¬â¢s requirements for graduation weakens elective courses as having less academic credit, strengthens required courses as having more educational disc ipline, and subsequently, unequally distributes creativity into the curriculum. However, as Perkins points out in his article Ã¢â¬Å"Creativity by DesignÃ¢â¬ : If all knowledge were presented and discussed from the perspective of design, education would yield a much more creative view of knowledge. (23) In my philosophy of education, I argue that teaching creativity is the most significant skill a student can learn, and is a cross curriculum attribute that has equal weight in every type of discipline. Thus, my philosophy of education supports an interdisciplinary curriculum where predominately elective subjects, such as technology education and fine arts, stand on equal footing with required subjects typically regarded as... ...pose cross-curriculum equality begins by removing the academic and social prejudices that exist between required and elective courses. Works Consulted Conference Board of Canada. Solving the Skilled Trades Shortage. 28 March 2002. Fischer, Gerhard. Ã¢â¬Å"Social Creativity: Turning Barriers into Opportunities for Collaborative DesignÃ¢â¬ . 8th Conference on Participatory design (Toronto). 2004.152-162. Hughes, William. Critical Thinking. Peterborough: Broadview Press, 1996. Perkins, David. Ã¢â¬Å"Creativity by DesignÃ¢â¬ . Educational Leadership. 14.1 (1984): 18-25. Petrina, Stephen. Advanced Teaching Methods for the Technology Classroom. Hershey: Information Science Publishing, 2007. Pollack, Sidney. Sketches of Frank Gehry. 2004. Reid, Anna, Peter Petocz. Ã¢â¬Å"Learning Domains and the Process of CreativityÃ¢â¬ . The Australian Educational Researcher. 31.2 (2004): 45-62.
Sunday, January 12, 2020
1.LIST SOME STAKEHOLDERS OF MCDONALDS. CLASIFY THEM AS INTERNAL, CONNECTED AND EXTERNAL TYPES. Stakeholders can be defined as Ã¢â¬Å"individuals and groups who are affected by the activities of an organization. The most important stakeholders can be seen as those with most to lose from the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s actions, but this does not always reflect their relative powerÃ¢â¬ An organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s stakeholders are all parties who can reasonably be understood to be affected by its decisions. They can be deemed to represent the businessÃ¢â¬â¢s social and environmental capital as well as economic. Stakeholders can be of very different and varied guises and also harbor conflicting interests consequently, its image and reputation in the eyes of its stakeholders is critical to the company. Mainly they can be categorized into three major groups: 1) Internal Stakeholders 2) Connected Stakeholders 3) External Stakeholders 4) Stakeholders Conflicts Stakeholders are found in all organizations, businesses or firms Ã¢â¬â from a local grocery store to huge multinational companies such as Coca-Cola, McDonalds and Microsoft. The number of stakeholders per business will vary as will their importance and influence. The type of organization or product / service it supplies will also determine its stakeholders. A Public Limited Corporation may have far more stakeholders than a family owned business due to its vast numbers of shareholders. Discussing about McDonalds, it also hold many stakeholders those who getÃ affected and vice versa. Stakeholders of McDonalds can be categorized into the three major groups as shown under: Internal Stakeholders Following are the stakeholders which fall under this category: 1)Managers or Directors 2)Staff or Employees Internal stakeholders are those who are Ã¢â¬ËmembersÃ¢â¬â¢ of the business organization. These stakeholders are situated within the McDonald and may affect the Ã¢â¬Ëday-to-dayÃ¢â¬â¢ running of McDonalds or be affected. Their interest would be in the McDonald`s success which will alternatively secure their career and assure them for high wages and benefits. Ã Example of the internal stakeholder for McDonald would be as follows: Ã¢â¬ ¢The employees/staff member working in the McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s restaurant Connected Stakeholders Following are the stakeholders which fall under this category: 1)Shareholders 2)Customers 3)Suppliers 4)Finance providers Connected stakeholders are those outside the organization but have a direct interest with the progress of the business. McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s suppliers would want that the business runs and grows well, as this will ensure more supplies to McDonald. The owner/shareholder will look forward for high turnover, while the customer will look for a great value of the money which they are going to spend Example of connected stakeholders for McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s would be as follows: Ã¢â¬ ¢Shareholder/owner: Emirates Fast Food Corporation LLC Ã¢â¬ ¢Supplier: Coca-Cola External Stakeholders Following are the stakeholders which fall under this category: 1)Community 2)Environmental Pressure Groups 3)Government 4)Trade unions External stakeholders are those who are not the member of the organization, but they are indirectly affected with the ups and downs of the business. Example of the external stakeholders of the McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s in UAE is as follows: Ã¢â¬ ¢Government: Environment Agency UAE Stakeholders Conflicts There are many chances of conflicts among the interests of the stakeholders, i.e. customers would like to avail the best product and service at a very low price, while on the other hand managers and directors would be expecting increase in the profit ratio, which cannot be achieved by offering the products and services at a low price. Ã Logically, a company should tailor its communication to each stakeholder group individually to engage the special concerns of that group. It is important that an organization meets the needs of the most dominant stakeholders, but the needs of the other stakeholders need to be considered Ã¢â¬â nearly every decision becomes a compromise. 2.How does McDonald`s social responsibility affects its business and stakeholders? Analyze McDonald`s corporate social responsibility for its suppliers and the community. Corporate responsibility means many things to many people. At McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s, being a responsible company means living our values to enable us to serve food responsibly and work toward a sustainable future. The goal of McDonalds CSR is to embrace responsibility for the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s actions and encourage a positive impact through its activities on the environment, consumers, employees, communities, stakeholders and all other members of the public sphere. Furthermore, CSR-focused businesses would proactively promote theÃ public interest (PI) by encouraging community growth and development, and voluntarily eliminating practices that harm the public sphere, regardless of legality. By maintaining their CSR policy the leave a great impact on their stakeholders, and ultimately maintains their reputation. This also affects their business in a very positive manner. McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s Corporation is among Ã¢â¬Å"Most Admired CompaniesÃ¢â¬ for social responsibility. In 2001 it was ranked in the Wall Street Journal as number five in reputation for corporate social responsibility. McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s social responsibility always focuses on a goal of influencing a behavior change among the community and its stakeholders which is to contribute in improving the environmental and community well-being. McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s CSR policy for its Suppliers As it is assumed, McDonalds supply chain is large and complex. They have numerous direct suppliers Ã¢â¬â companies that make or deliver final products for restaurants. They have an even larger number of indirect suppliers Ã¢â¬â farms and facilities that grow and process the ingredients that get delivered to their direct suppliers. They envision a supply chain that profitably yields high-quality, safe products without supply interruption while leveraging their leadership position to create a net benefit by improving ethical, environmental and economic outcomes. Ethical Ã¢â¬â They envision purchasing from suppliers that follow practices that ensure the health and safety of their employees and the welfare and humane treatment of animals in the supply chain. Environmental Ã¢â¬â They envision influencing the sourcing of the materials and ensuring the design of their products, manufacturing, distribution and use minimize lifecycle impacts on the environment. Economic Ã¢â¬â They envision delivering affordable food, engaging in equitable trade practices, limiting the spread of agricultural diseases, and positively impacting the communities that their suppliers operate in. McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s suppliers are expected to share and apply McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s vision of sustainable supply to their own suppliers (McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s indirect suppliers). They launched an enhanced Social Accountability program, including online training for suppliers, their facility managers, and McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s supply chain staff. Ã¢â¬ ¢99% of our 523 approved abattoirs were audited for animal welfare in 2007, and 99.2% of those passed their audits. Ã¢â¬ ¢Seven of our nine largest markets have introduced the environmental scorecard to their suppliers. Ã¢â¬ ¢In 2007, 91% of our fish was sourced from fisheries without any unsatisfactory sustainability ratings Ã¢â¬ ¢McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s global minimum standard prohibits the use of antibiotics when used solely for growth promotion purposes. 100% of their direct relationship poultry suppliers around the world have acknowledged their compliance with their antibiotics policy McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s CSR policy for the Community According to the McDonald community approach, it states that: Giving back has been fundamental to our business ever since Ray Kroc founded McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s more than 50 years ago. Our communities give us so much in returnÃ¢â¬ânot just by supporting our businessÃ¢â¬â but by increasing our brand visibility and strengthening our relationships with our stakeholders. We use three key strengthsÃ¢â¬âour scope, our people and our profitsÃ¢â¬âto make a meaningful and lasting impact on the global communities where we live and work. McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s support its communities by working for them in a wide perspective. Mentioning some of the activities that McDonalds carry in favor of the community as under: WHEN DISASTER STRIKES Ã¢â¬ ¢When tragedy arrives, McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s the McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s System responds. McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s employees, franchisees and suppliers mobilize to provide assistance in manyÃ forms. Over the last several years, our System has provided food and other assistance to victims of such disasters as the 9/11 tragedy in New York City, Pennsylvania and Washington D.C. in 2001, the tsunami in Southeast Asia in 2004 and the devastating hurricane season in the U.S. in 2005 Ã¢â¬ ¢During the May 12 earthquake in China. McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s China served almost 40,000 meals to earthquake victims, relief workers, military personnel, hospitals and police and fire department officers. THE MCDONALDÃ¢â¬â¢S FAMILY GIVES BACK Ã¢â¬ ¢McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s employees, and others within the McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s system, are given the opportunity to provide support for members of the system in the aftermath of natural disasters. McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s Family Charity, established in 2000, has succeeded in distributing close to $4 million to over 4,000 individuals who have lost their homes or possessions during natural disasters. Ã¢â¬ ¢In January 2004, McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s Restaurants of Canada created the 10 Cent Happy Meal Donation program. Through this program, RMHC Canada receives 10 cents from the sale of every Happy Meal purchased, at every Canadian McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s restaurant, every day of the year. It is RMHC CanadaÃ¢â¬â¢s largest source of funding, reaching a milestone in 2009 of CA$25 million in total donations since inception GOING GREEN Ã¢â¬ ¢McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s delivery trucks in the United Arab Emirates are running on 100 percent biodiesel made with recycled vegetable oil from the chainÃ¢â¬â¢s more than 80 restaurants in the Emirates. 3.What are the factors that contributed to a Ã¢â¬ËgoodÃ¢â¬â¢ corporate image of McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s? A corporate image is the sum of the impressions that stakeholders (customers, suppliers, employees and the community) hold about your companyÃ¢â¬âin other words, your reputation. The goal is to show what you are as a company throughout all its facets (not pretending to be something you arenÃ¢â¬â¢t) Following are the factors that lead to a good corporate image of McDonalds: Ã¢â¬ ¢Being a Responsible and Good Employer Ã¢â¬ ¢Fair Dealing with Suppliers Ã¢â¬ ¢Taking care of the Customers Ã¢â¬ ¢Transparent company policy Being a Responsible and Good Employer McDonalds is considered to be one of the best examples as a good employer. They provide their employees with a friendly and very convenient workplace to work in. As an employer they take care of the followings: Human Rights and the Law They prohibit physical punishment or abuse. They respect the right of employees to associate or not to associate with any group, as permitted by and in accordance with applicable laws and regulations. They comply with employment laws in every market where we operate. Respect and Dignity They provide equal opportunity for employees and applicants. McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s employees work in a place that is free from harassment, intimidation or abuse, sexual or otherwise, or acts or threats of physical violence. Inclusion and Diversity McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s provides equal treatment and equal employment opportunity without regard to race, ethnicity, color, religion, gender, age, national origin or ancestry, physical or mental disability, sexual orientation, military status or any other basis protected by law.it also applies to the employment decisions, including recruitment, hiring, placement, development, promotion, training, scheduling, benefits, compensation and termination Fair Dealing with Suppliers They treat their suppliers respectfully, fairly and honestly, and expect their suppliers to treat them in the same way. McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s bases its relationships with suppliers on lawful, efficient and fair practices.Ã McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s is committed to fair employment practices and strives to provide a safe, healthful and productive work environment for its employees. In turn, they strive to work with suppliers who share their values. Taking care of the Customers McDonalds is highly focused about its customers, and it could be observed in this statement Ã¢â¬Å"Our customers are the reason for our existenceÃ¢â¬ . Best Product Quality and Safety McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s is committed to ensuring that the foods and beverages they serve to their customers are safe. Their safety and quality standards for food, beverages, toys and promotional items meet or exceed all applicable government requirements. They take this as part of their responsibility as a good corporate citizen, and know it is also essential to the continuing growth and profitability of their business. Best Customer Care/Handling McDonalds assures that each and every customer entering the restaurant is properly welcomed with due attention, is satisfied excellently in terms of the product they offer. They make sure that customer while leaving is satisfied with the product and service so that they retain their each customer. Transparent Company Policy McDonald is committed to have a crystal clear policy in terms of the followings: Ã¯Æ'ËCommunicating with the public/media Ã¯Æ'ËTrade Practices Ã¯Æ'ËFair competition Ã¯Æ'ËGovernment inquiries 4. Analyze McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s mission statements in the case. What is the value of mission statement to McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s employees, Customers and suppliers? A Mission Statement defines the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s purpose and primaryÃ objectives. By crafting a clear mission statement and vision statement, you can powerfully communicate your intentions and motivate your team or organization to realize an attractive and inspiring common vision of the future. McDonalds MISSION STATEMENTS The two most famous mission statements of McDonalds are as follows: 1)Ã¢â¬Å"To be our customers favorite place and way to eatÃ¢â¬ 2)Ã¢â¬Å"Promote diversity and inclusion among our employees, owner/operator and supplier who represent diverse populations McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s serve around the globeÃ¢â¬ Looking at the brand mission statement of McDonalds it clearly indicates that McDonalds is highly customer focused. They are committed to improve their operations and enhance their customersÃ¢â¬â¢ experience. They follow QSC&V strategy, QSC&V is an abbreviation for Quality, Service, Cleanliness & Value which is said to be a benchmark used throughout the world by the McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s Corporation. This criterion is used for every customer, each and every time. In order to fulfill the mission statement the staff and employees form a friendly and happy environment in their respective restaurants. By doing so they achieve their goals and ultimately fulfill their mission statement The second mission statement of McDonalds describes the following approach: At McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s, diversity and inclusion are part of our culture- from the crew room to the board room, we are working to achieve this goal every day by creating an environment for everyone to contribute their best. Our journey to bring our values to life have been documented in Ã¢â¬Å"None Of Us Is As Good As All Of UsÃ¢â¬ and it is a journey that continues today through our continued efforts with our employee business networks, diversity education, and our outreach in diversity communities. The value of mission statement for the Employees Mission statements hold an important and inspiring value to the employees. Likewise McDonalds mission statements work as a guideline for the employees so that they do their best to achieve the desired mission of the McDonalds. The value of mission statement for the customersÃ Ã¢â¬Å"our customers are the reason for our existenceÃ¢â¬ . This is what the McDonalds mission statement defines. When the customers get to know the company`s attitude towards the community and customers is really appreciable and when they are sure about the products and services that they are going to avail will be beyond their expectations and meet their needs, so the customers will definitely return to the business. And this will ultimately give a rise to the business. The value of mission statement for the suppliers According to the McDonald, its business model is depicted by the three-legged stool of owner, suppliers and the company employees. So this indicates that Suppliers of the McDonald are of great importance for the organization and therefore the mission statements states their importance as well. The mission statement will guide its suppliers that they should always supply and deliver the best they have and maintaining the quality. It will also strengthen the relation among suppliers and the McDonalds. REFERENCES: Ã¢â¬ ¢http://www.aboutmcdonalds.com/etc/medialib/aboutMcDonalds/corporate_governance/standards_of_business.Par.44618.File.dat/9497_SBC_layout_McD_Eng-India%20101909.pdf Ã¢â¬ ¢http://www.corporateregister.com/a10723/mcglob08-csr-us.pdf Ã¢â¬ ¢http://jayzy2009.blogspot.com/2009/07/chapter-13-stakeholders.html
Saturday, January 4, 2020
Ã¢â¬Å"A child who,more than anything else, is a spontaneous observer of nature, certainly needs to have at his disposal material upon which he can work.Ã¢â¬ As our lives become more technologically advanced and driven many children have very little access to a natural habitat in their neighbourhood environment.Young children develop their sensory,cognitive,gross and motor skills while in relationship to the natural world.The function of the school is to supply children with interesting information and motives for action. A child,who more than anyone else is a spontaneous observer of nature,certainly needs to have at his/or her disposal,materials upon which he/or she can workÃ¢â¬ -Dr.Maria Montessori. Childern in bed to explore the environmentÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Many of the puzzles and educational devices in use at the pre-school and elementary levels in the early twenty-first century are direct copies of Montessori s original ideas. However, there is far more of her work that never entered the mainstream, and twenty-first-century educators who are searching for new, more effective answers are finding the accumulated experience of the Montessori community to be of great interest. The chief components of the Montessori method are self-motivation and autoeducation. Followers of the Montessori method believe that a child will learn naturally if put in an environment containing the proper materials. These materials, consisting of learning games suited to a child s abilities and interests, are set up by a teacher-observer who intervenes only when individual help is needed. In this way, Montessori educators try to reverse the traditional system of an active teacher instructing a passive class. The typical classroom in a Montessori school consists of readily available games and toys, household utensils, plants and animals that are cared for by the children, and child-sized furniture-the invention of which is generally attributed to Dr. Montessori. Montessori educators also stress physical exercise, in accordance with their belief that motor abilities should be developed along with sensory and intellectual capacities. The major outlines of the Montessori system are b ased on Dr. Montessori s writings, whichShow MoreRelatedEvaluation Questions On The School873 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesdiscussed. The qualitative interview can occur in a conversational manner which is a spontaneous and structured way of completing a survey. The interviewer discusses the topic of interests and leads the participant in a discussion that provides the data needed. The school incorporates observations as a means of collecting data as well. Observation is a method of getting information about people. The observer gains information about what the people being observed are thinking. It is a known factRead MoreAnalysis Of Nurses Verbal Support Of Nulliparous Women During Second Stage Labor 2178 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesLaborÃ¢â¬ Title The title of this article was succinct and specific, including the phenomenon under study (verbal support in second-stage labor) and the population (nulliparous women). Although the title seems to imply that the study is qualitative in nature, it does not overtly state this, and for some readers, it may be helpful to point that out. Also, the term Ã¢â¬Å"nulliparousÃ¢â¬ is not a word used often in the general vocabulary of everyday people, and warrants the use of a dictionary for most people toRead MoreHow The School Collects Data Measure Overall Organizational Performance883 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesdiscussed. The qualitative interview can occur in a conversational manner which is a spontaneous and structured way of completing a survey. The interviewer discusses the topic of interests and leads the participant in a discussion that provides the data needed. The school incorporates observations as a means of collecting data as well. Observation is a method of getting informatio n about people. The observer gains information about what the people being observed are thinking. It is a known factRead MoreHow Play Affects The Childs Five Areas Of Development982 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThere are a lot of activities you can use to promote learning. Some are playing with toys, reading stories, puzzles, and playing dress up or house. Our society has become increasingly complex, competitive and fast paced. As a result, childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s spontaneous play is being replaced with structured activities. Unfortunately, structured, adult directed activities such as worksheets and drill are not likely to help a child make the most of their childhood. This approach to education will not give childrenRead More Monet Essay751 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesfifteen he was receiving commission from his works. He later grew to become one of the greatest influential impressionist painters of all times. Monet was the leader of the impressionist movement. He influenced art by trying to paint his personal spontaneous response to outdoor scenes or events. Earlier artists had also painted outdoor studies rapidly, almost in shorthand. They used such studies as Ã¢â¬Å"notesÃ¢â¬ for more elaborate pictures painted in the studio. Monet was the most important of the artistsRead MoreA Comparative Study on the Theme of East-West Encounter in Kamala MarkandayaÃ¢â¬â¢s Possession and Anita DesaiÃ¢â¬â¢s Bye-Bye Blackbird1589 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesboldly depicted by her in her novels without any exaggeration. She hightights the drawbacks and the qualities of both the East and the West. She has tried to present the East in serious conflict with the West. But she plays the role of a neutral observer in her novels. In her novel possession, she presents the perpetual conflict between the Indian spiritualism and the western materialism. Caroline, a young British widow, comes to visit India. She meets a fourteen year old boy, valmiki. He is aRead MoreHrpyc81953 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAccording to Widjaja (2010), the desire to help appears to be an essential aspect of the human nature and one type of helping behaviour is volunteerism. Numerous organisations like Habitat for Humanity, Big Brother Big Sister, have come to rely heavily on volunteer service. According to WilsonÃ¢â¬â¢s theory (cited in Van Emmerik, 2005), helping behaviour can be defined as activities entailing more commitment that spontaneous assistance in which time is given freely to benefit another person, group, organisationRead MoreRole Of Teacher : The Montessori Classroom Essay1458 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthrough work. She must free herself from all preconceived ideas concerning the levels at which the children may be. The many different types of children...must not worry her...The teacher must believe that this child before her will show his true nature when he finds a piece of work that attracts him. So what must she look out for? That one child or another will begin to concentrate.Ã¢â¬ One key difference between a Montessori teacher and a traditional teacher is the enormous trust Montessori teacherRead MoreThe Issue Of Legalizing Abortion Essay1719 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesearliest developmental stage of the human embryo. The zygote comprises of human DNA and other human molecules, so its nature is undeniably human (Schwarzwalder, Cleaver Ruse (2012). Therefore, an abortion involves the expulsion of the human fetus before it is capable of surviving outside the womb. Essentially, abortion is generally categorized in two ways spontaneous and induced. A spontaneous abortion is one that takes place naturally, with no external intervention in the form of a miscarriage. WhilstRead MoreNature, Religion And The Most Important Is Being Distinguished From Animal1236 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesuman nature, in general, is being distinguished from animal due to the facts that our consciousness, religion and the most important is having a meaning to stay alive (McMurtry. 2015). There ar e both good and bad propensities on human nature (Wilson, 2012). To understand human nature, it is not only to find oneÃ¢â¬â¢s action and behaviour by looking at their emotions, thoughts and mental state, but with other wider ways like functions and structures (Capuzzi Stauffer, 2016). There are various approaches
Friday, December 27, 2019
Schon (1983) states, Ã¢â¬Å"We look to professionals for definitions and solutions of our problems and through them we strive for social progressÃ¢â¬ (p.4). Professionals and practitioners are individuals that are highly educated in a certain field of study. For example, our government looks to them for expertise for certain public problems. They are an essential part to our society. They work in favor of the public good because they come up with expert solutions to public problems. Professionals have their challenges and have been known in some incidences to negatively impact the society. ProfessionalÃ¢â¬â¢s infectiveness is a challenge that professionals face when trying to come up with solutions. Some solutions are just as bad or even worse than intended to be. According to Schon, advocates for peace and the civil rights of minorities joined forces and turned against experts of whom they saw as instruments of an all-powerful establishment. Some public problems should be solve d by moral and political choice (Schon, 1983, p.9-11) All public servants overcome challenges faced in their positions. The public servant role of a Municipal Court Judge faces many challenges during his/her judgeship. In an interview with Judge Sybil Cleveland, she stated that a challenge of judgeship is following the judicial code of ethics (personal communication, November 7, 2015). There is a code of conduct for all United States Judges, which includes federal, state and local judges. According to United States
Thursday, December 19, 2019
In the article, The Sword did it: A Greek Explanation for Suicide, author F.S. Naiden explains how the Greeks, primarily the Athenians, viewed suicide. He describes how suicide was a form of homicide and how the Greeks reacted to homicides. He then explains how the Greeks buried the victims of suicide and how these burials differed from regular burials. Lastly, he expands on different agents that could be used in a suicide and how these objects would be treated after a suicide. He uses ancient sources like Sophocles, Plutarch, and Socrates to back up his arguments and claims. He also incorporates the ideas and thoughts of recent classicists like Elise Garrison, and Friedrich Pfister to emphasis his arguments and give them credit. According to Naiden, in the case of suicide, the victim does not kill himself or herself but the guilty party was actually the instrument they used to commit the suicide. According to Greek tradition, suicide was viewed as a form of homicide. Additio nally Greek families where obliged to avenge and punish the murderer of a fellow family member unless the person forgave his murderer before his death. However, in the case of suicide, there was no one to punish and no one left to do the forgiving. For this reason, the instrument or weapon a person used to commit suicide was convicted of the crime and subsequently punished. However, the victim did not always freely choose suicide and therefore different rules applied. According to EliseShow MoreRelatedUse Of Roles And The Social Position Of The Female913 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageswording from the poetÃ¢â¬â¢s thoughts. Now, the author is discussing about the grammatical explanation of the women character mentioned in the SophoclesÃ¢â¬â¢ plays. Sophocles had represented Antigone as a masculine gender in which Greek language referred to man. Creon, AntigoneÃ¢â¬â¢s uncle is referring to her sister that they should act like women beside like a masculine gender. S. Wierma believes t hat it needs a grammatical explanation in the change of gender, where man is just a normal being, but a woman is masculineRead MoreAnalysis Of The Oresteia1749 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAge and into the next time period. Within the play, Agamemnon and Clytemnestra are two characters that show volatile emotions, meaning they are strong. Agamemnon was the king of Mycenae and went off to fight in the Trojan War. After ten years, the Greeks won, which led to Agamemnon participating in extreme behavior. Due to the excitement and elation that came with a military victory, Agamemnon helped pillage Troy beyond what would have been considered acceptable after the win. He allowed this happinessRead MoreViolence and Conflict in Genesis and Antigone1957 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesare major themes in both Antigone and the book of Genesis. Antigone is laden with violent imagery; countless arguments causing conflict between Antigone and Creon as well as Creon and Haemon; and the blatant violence of the v arious murders and suicides present in the play. Genesis, on the other hand, has a range of stories; a handful of which contain large-scale violence, such as the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah or Noah and the great flood. Genesis, as a much larger text than Antigone, alsoRead MoreEssay about Femme Fatales of English Literature3625 Words Ã |Ã 15 Pagesorigins and eras (Ã¢â¬Å"Femme FataleÃ¢â¬ 1). Ã¢â¬Å"If the goddess of virtue is a lily and the vamp is an overripe red rose, the femme fatale is a Venus flytrap.Ã¢â¬ (Billinghurst 1). In the simple quote above, Ms. Jane Billinghurst, author of Ã¢â¬Å"TemptressÃ¢â¬ , provides explanation of the femme fatale by way of metaphor, likening the way in which the Venus flytrap, or Dionaea muscipula, succeeds in obtaining its next meal by way of temptation to the likeness of the femme fatale, using temptation to secure her victims, thusRead MoreFemme Fatales of English Literature3740 Words Ã |Ã 15 Pagesorigins and eras (Femme Fatale 1). If the goddess of virtue is a lily and the vamp is an overripe red rose, the femme fatale is a Venus flytrap. (Billinghurst 1). In the simple quote above, Ms. Jane Billinghurst, author of Temptress, provides explanation of the femme fatale by way of metaphor, likening the way in which the Venus flytrap, or Dionaea muscipula, succeeds in obtaining its next meal by way of temptation to the likeness of the femme fatale, using temptation to secure her victims, thusRead Moretheme of alienation n no where man by kamala markandeya23279 Words Ã |Ã 94 PagesThebes: Thebes was the most important city of Boeotia, on mainland Greece. It was one of the chief city-states of ancient Greece, after Athens and Sparta. Sophocles described it as Ã¢â¬Å"the only city where mortal women are the mothers of gods.Ã¢â¬ According to Greek legends, the city was founded by Cadmus and was destroyed by the Epigonoi in the time before the Trojan War. In the sixth century B.C., Thebes recovered its glory to some extent, and in SophoclesÃ¢â¬â¢ time it was still a powerful state. LIST OF CHARACTERSRead MoreIslamic Way of warfare23558 Words Ã |Ã 95 Pagesphrase way of warfare and used it indiscriminately to explain their views. The most current example in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s world is the Islamic way of warfare. Unfortunately, many seem to have tied this term with whatever the extremists groups are doing today or did in the past, without trying to find its connection with the fundamentals of Islam. 1 Unlike the term Western, which denotes a geographical entity, Islam represents an ideology, which is much different in its context. As such, the word IslamicRead MoreA Picatrix Miscellany52019 Words Ã |Ã 209 Pagescorrespondences between the two worlds (pp.58-59). Chapter 2 treats the subject of the celestial images and their significance, i.e., the forty-eight constellations known to the Greeks and the paranatellonta of the thirtysix decans. The three decans of Aries in the Ã¢â¬Å"IndianÃ¢â¬ system are selected from AbÃ » Ma`shar by way of example and a full explanation of their paranatellonta given (pp. 59-62). Ibn WahshÃ ®ja follows the same method of interpretation: he uses the triplicities, while the Ã¢â¬Å"Indian sageÃ¢â¬ Tumtum and othersRead MoreSAT Top 30 Essay Evidence18536 Words Ã |Ã 75 Pagesnew life, at the sight of this Indian woman. This confirmed those people of our friendly intentions, as no woman ever accompanies a war party of Indians in this quarter [from the expedition journal of Meriwether Lewis] Ã¢â¬Å"Everything she did on that journey, she did for her people.Ã¢â¬ Summary: Sacajawea is a mysterious and almost-mythical female figure in American history. Though there are few records of her life, she is known to have accompanied Lewis and Clark on their famous survey expeditionRead MoreImpact of Science on Society38427 Words Ã |Ã 154 PagesPerception is directed and controlled by this cognitive model, both at the individual level and at the level of whole societies. Both kinds of models are very idiosyncratic. The Italian model has a sign like a wave, meaning, Ã¢â¬Å"Come here.Ã¢â¬ Greek girls cause problems for non-Greek boys by saying Ã¢â¬Å"NoÃ¢â¬ with a nod, not a shake, of their head. In New Zealand you can do one kind of V-sign but never the other. Americans look posh when they look neat; Europeans look posh when they look as if theyÃ¢â¬â¢ve just come through
Wednesday, December 11, 2019
Loa Loa Ã¢â¬Å"African Eye wormÃ¢â¬ [pic] [pic] Loa Loa By Amanda Green Microbiology 210 Loa Loa is a parasite known more commonly as the Ã¢â¬Å"African Eye WormÃ¢â¬ . This may be one of the most feared of the parasites. They are classified as filarial worms, meaning they thrive in human tissues. Before the 1920Ã¢â¬â¢s , Loa Loa infections occurred more frequently in the United States now it is more commonly found in West Africa and equatorial Sudan. It prefers areas with hot, wet climates, like swamps and rainforests. They are cylindrical and have a cuticle with three main outer layers. This protects the nematodes (larvae) so they can invade the digestive tracts of animals. The outer layers are non cellular. The adult Loa Loa is a thin small worms ranging in length from 20 Ã¢â¬â 70 mm long and 350 Ã¢â¬â 430 mm wide. Males are smaller than the females. Loa Loa was first described in 1770 by a French surgeon, Mongin. We will write a custom essay sample on Loa Loa or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page He was the first surgeon to try to remove a worm from the eye of a woman in Santa Domingo. He was unsuccessful. Another observation came form a French ships surgeon, who observed an eye worm in slaves being taken to the West Indies from Africa in 1778. The first person to identify the microfilaria of Loa Loa in 1890 was Dr. Patrick Mason when he was invited to examine blood smears with Dr. Stephen Mackenzie. This person was thought to have Ã¢â¬Å"sleeping sickness of the Congo. Ã¢â¬ To reproduce the female produces a pheromone to attract males. After mating the female produces large numbers of active embryos called microfilaria. These microfilaria find their way to the blood stream where they can be transmitted through a bite to the next host. Loa Loa is an obligate endoparasite that feeds on fluids in the tissues of humans. The parasite contains pharyngeal glands and intestinal epithelium that produce digestive enzymes that enable them to feed on the hostsÃ¢â¬â¢ body fluids. Extracellular digestion begins within the lumen and is finished intracellularly. The adult parasite has been known to live up to 15 years. A human infected by Loa loa is termed Loiasis. People become infected by the transmission by deerflies. Once the deerfly lands on the host and bites, the larvae then drops into the opening of the skin and burrows into the subcutaneous tissues. The larvae then migrate through the body, commonly to the eye. They congregate in the lungs at night. Damage can be done to the eyes as it crawls through the cornea and conjunctive tissues. It can easily be seen and felt in the eye up to an hour. When they are deeper into the body they can cause encephalitis, if they reach the brain, which can lead to death. Joint pain can occur from swelling if the parasite stays near a joint for a period of time. The larva can remain unnoticed for months or years before becoming an adult, mating, and producing offspring. They continuously travel through deep and connective tissues, often even without the person feeling any sensation other than occasional itching. A person may feel the greatest discomfort when the worm slows or reaches a sensitive spot. It is then that the immune reaction starts, with localized redness and swelling called Calabar. This type of reaction is thought to be caused by a type of allergic reaction to dead worms and their byproducts. Skin eruptions and muscle pain may be evident. Once the worm dies the surrounding tissues may abscess. An accumulation of serous fluid in a sacculated cavity called hydrocele is a less common symptom. Colonic lesions, fibroblastic endocarditis, membranous glomerulonephritis, retinopathy, arthritis, and peripheral neuropathy can occur but are less common in people native to endemic areas. To diagnose Loasis, physicians look for Calabar swelling and the presence of worms in the conjunctiva. Those are the main tests used to diagnose an infestation. Some laboratory tests can help with the diagnosing including, C reactive protein, elevated eosinophils (called eosinophilia), and IgE quantification. Identification of microfilariae by microscopic examination is the most practical diagnostic test. The collection of the blood specimen is extremely important with the known periodicity of the microfilariae. The smear is stained with Giemsa or hematoxylin and eosin. Concentration techniques can be used for increased sensitivity, including centrifugation of the blood sample hemolyzed in 2% formalin. Checking for microfilaria in the blood on a newly suspected case is not recommended because it can take may years for them appear. Loa Loa is endemic only to parts of West Africa. A study done by S. Wanji at the University of Boea in Cameroon found that in 16 rural villages in southern Cameroon 2. 2% to 19. 23% of people were infected. It also showed that males are almost twice as likely to become infested as females. The level of infection increases from the ages of 15 to 65 years old and then drops. The treatmentÃ¢â¬â¢s side effects for Loa Loa are more life-threatening than the actual infestation. Two of the most common treatments are diethylcarbamazine and ivermectin. Both of thes e treatments can cause encephalitis, coma, or death in people with high microfilaria loads. These drugs kill the microfilaria but not the adult worms. Other treatments include chemotherapy and surgical removal.
Tuesday, December 3, 2019
Josef Mengele THE ANGEL OF DEATH: JOSEF MENGELE Right, left, what man could send people to their death with a flick of a cane, without batting an eye? Josef Mengele. The stories and pictures of Auschwitz tell a gruesome tale of death and torture. Stories of the abused, used, and killed, the tales of the torturees have been told, but what about the torturers? The SS, the doctors, the ones who carried out the deeds, what was their life like? That is what this paper will focus on. What went on inside the pathology lab, and what went on inside the pathologist. Millions of people passed through Auschwitz, Mengele's domain, during the Holocaust. Early in 1945, it was recorded that over 700,000 people were currently living (dying) there. Over 1 million people were killed at Auschwitz, about a fifth of all the Jews killed. People were brought to Auschwitz in cattle cars, hundreds of people would be put into a car and then not let out for days, without food or water. Even when the trains arrived at Auschwitz they would often sit on the track for days until all the many trains which had come before were unloaded. After this hellish journey, the first thing that people saw was Josef Mengele, the angel of Auschwitz standing in his immaculate SS uniform, shining boots, perfectly brushed and pressed shirt and pants, and glistening silver skulls. Josef Mengele was a doctor at Auschwitz, he performed experiments, made selections, and is responsible for sending thousands of people to the crematorium. As a person he was split, one side of him was the heartless, uncaring, medical-atrocities side, while the other was a gentle, almost human side. When these two side overlapped was when Mengele was most horrible. Often when taking small children to the gas chamber, he would give them candy and make a game out of, walking to the chimney. Another example of false kindness is well put in the words of Moshe Offer, a test subject of Mengele. They took X-rays of us, then Doctor Mengele came in. And he gave us sweets. He wore a white gown, but beneath it you could see the SS trousers. He gave us candy, and then gave us some horribly painful injections. Josef Mengele was very high up in Nazi status, he reported to Heinrich Himmler, who reported directly to Adolf Hitler. The attraction of Auschwitz to Mengele was the limitless supply of human test subjects. Mengele was able to perform ANYTHING he wanted on live, human subjects. Life was good for Mengele at Auschwitz, everyday he got luxuries: a fifth of a liter of vodka, a dozen cigarettes, and German sausage. Auschwitz was a regular world for SS officers, there were houses with white picket fences to live in, a soccer stadium, a theater, and an SS officers club where the officers got gourmet meals. It was not uncommon for an SS officer to dine on roasted chicken and potatoes, while the prisoners were starving and dying. Mengele served many purposes at Auschwitz, he made selections of the newly arriving prisoners, those who could work to the right, and those who couldn't to the left (gas chambers), and he performed experiments. Mengele wanted to create a pure Aryan race, and to make German mothers give birth to as many German babies as possible. Doing selections gave Mengele access to any prisoner he wanted, he could hand pick his test subjects-and he did. Zwillinge, Zwillinge, Zwillinge! Twins, Twins, Twins! Mengele picked twins, dwarfs, and people who had deformities to do experiments on. He wanted to erase these traits from the pure Aryan race. Mengele was very interested in doing autopsies on twins who had died at the exact same time, in the real world one twin might die at 7 while the other might die at 77, but in this closed environment he could study twins who had died at the same moment. Many of Mengele's experiments were based on literally creating a blond hair blue eyed race. One reason why Mengele might have been obsessed with German looks is because his brown hair and eyes, and his gypsy-esque look didn't define him as a pure Aryan. One of his most famous experiments was with eye color. Mengele or one of his assistants would inject dyes into the unanesthetized eye of a child, preferably a set of twins. The dyes often resulted in